Our Chapter Name
Our chapter name
honors the Old Goshen Road which
was once the major land road from Shawneetown on the Ohio River in deep
southeastern Illinois to the Land of Goshen southwest of Edwardsville.
Old Goshen Road followed an old Indian trail which, before the Indians,
may have been a buffalo trace. Southern Illinois was then a wilderness,
inhabited only by an occasional hunter. Before the Civil War, migration
into Southern Illinois was booming. The United States Congress had
chartered two towns — Shawneetown and Washington, D.C. It was in
Shawneetown that the United States Land Office was located.
Historic marker erected by the
Jefferson County Historical
Road meanders along in a northwesterly direction, intersecting the
exact corner of Franklin, Jefferson and Hamilton counties. In Jefferson
County, a small section of the Road is still visible in the small town
of Opdyke. It crosses the highway and railroad and then disappears.
However, the road continued through Jefferson County, passing near
Lynchburg and then turning west through the Dix and Walnut Hill areas
and finally ending at Peters Station in the Land of Goshen area south
Society and the Illinois State Historical Society in 1973.